Categories:
Aggregate Functions (General) , Window Functions

MEDIAN

Determines the median of a set of values.

Syntax

MEDIAN( <expr> )

Argument

expr
The expression must evaluate to a numeric data type (INTEGER, FLOAT, DECIMAL, or equivalent).

Returns

Returns a FLOAT or DECIMAL (fixed-point) number, depending upon the input.

Usage Notes

  • If the number of non-NULL values is an odd number greater than or equal to 1, this returns the median (“center”) value of the non-NULL values.
  • If the number of non-NULL values is an even number, this returns a value equal to the average of the two center values. For example, if the values are 1, 3, 5, and 20, then this returns 4 (the average of 3 and 5).
  • If all values are NULL, this returns NULL.
  • If the number of non-NULL values is 0, this returns NULL.
  • DISTINCT is not supported for this function.

Examples

This shows how to use the function.

Create an empty table.

CREATE OR REPLACE TABLE aggr(k int, v decimal(10,2));

Get the MEDIAN value for column v. The function returns NULL because there are no rows.

SELECT MEDIAN (v) FROM aggr;
+------------+
| MEDIAN (V) |
|------------|
|       NULL |
+------------+

Insert some rows:

INSERT INTO aggr VALUES(1, 10), (1,20), (1, 21);
INSERT INTO aggr VALUES(2, 10), (2, 20), (2, 25), (2, 30);
INSERT INTO aggr VALUES(3, NULL);

Get the MEDIAN value for each group. Note that because the number of values in group k = 2 is an even number, the returned value for that group is the mid-point between the two middle numbers.

SELECT k, MEDIAN(v) FROM aggr GROUP BY k ORDER BY k;
+---+-----------+
| K | MEDIAN(V) |
|---+-----------|
| 1 |  20.00000 |
| 2 |  22.50000 |
| 3 |      NULL |
+---+-----------+