Categories:
Conditional Expression Functions

[ NOT ] BETWEEN

Returns TRUE when the input expression (numeric or string) is within the specified lower and upper boundary.

Syntax

<expr> [ NOT ] BETWEEN <lower_bound> AND <upper_bound>

Usage Notes

  • expr BETWEEN lower_bound AND upper_bound is equivalent to expr >= lower_bound AND expr <= upper_bound.
  • The specified upper boundary must be larger/greater than the lower boundary.

Collation Details

The expression A BETWEEN X AND Y is equivalent to A >= X AND A <= Y. The collations used for comparing with X and Y are independent and do not need to be identical, but both need to be compatible with the collation of A.)

Examples

Here are a few simple examples of using BETWEEEN with numeric and string values:

SELECT 'true' WHERE 1 BETWEEN 0 AND 10;
+--------+
| 'TRUE' |
|--------|
| true   |
+--------+
SELECT 'true' WHERE 1.35 BETWEEN 1 AND 2;
+--------+
| 'TRUE' |
|--------|
| true   |
+--------+
SELECT 'true' WHERE 'the' BETWEEN 'that' AND 'then';
+--------+
| 'TRUE' |
|--------|
| true   |
+--------+

The following example uses COLLATE with BETWEEN:

SELECT 'm' BETWEEN COLLATE('A', 'lower') AND COLLATE('Z', 'lower');
+-------------------------------------------------------------+
| 'M' BETWEEN COLLATE('A', 'LOWER') AND COLLATE('Z', 'LOWER') |
|-------------------------------------------------------------|
| True                                                        |
+-------------------------------------------------------------+
SELECT COLLATE('m', 'upper') BETWEEN 'A' AND 'Z';
+-------------------------------------------+
| COLLATE('M', 'UPPER') BETWEEN 'A' AND 'Z' |
|-------------------------------------------|
| True                                      |
+-------------------------------------------+