# Functions (Alphabetical)¶

This topic provides a list of all Snowflake system-defined (i.e. built-in) functions, scalar or table, in alphabetical order.

Function Name | Summary | Category |
---|---|---|

ABS | Returns the absolute value of a numeric expression. | Numeric Functions |

ACOS | Computes the inverse cosine (arc cosine) of its input; the result is a number in the interval `[-pi, pi]` . |
Numeric Functions |

ACOSH | Computes the inverse (arc) hyperbolic cosine of its input. | Numeric Functions |

ADD_MONTHS | Adds or subtracts a specified number of months to a date or timestamp, preserving the end-of-month information. | Date & Time Functions |

ANY_VALUE | Returns some value of the expression from the group. | Aggregate Functions |

APPROX_COUNT_DISTINCT | Uses HyperLogLog to return an approximation of the distinct cardinality of the input. | Aggregate Functions |

APPROX_PERCENTILE | Returns an approximated value for the desired percentile (i.e. if column `c` has `n` numbers, then APPROX_PERCENTILE(c, p) returns a number such that approximately `n * p` of the numbers in `c` are smaller than the returned number). |
Aggregate Functions |

APPROX_PERCENTILE_ACCUMULATE | Returns the internal representation of the t-Digest state (as a JSON object) at the end of aggregation. | Aggregate Functions |

APPROX_PERCENTILE_COMBINE | Combines (merges) percentile input states into a single output state. | Aggregate Functions |

APPROX_PERCENTILE_ESTIMATE | Returns the desired approximated percentile value for the specified t-Digest state. | Aggregate Functions |

APPROX_TOP_K | Uses Space-Saving to return an approximation of the most frequent values in the input, along with their approximate frequencies. | Aggregate Functions |

APPROX_TOP_K_ACCUMULATE | Returns the Space-Saving summary at the end of aggregation. | Aggregate Functions |

APPROX_TOP_K_COMBINE | Combines (merges) input states into a single output state. | Aggregate Functions |

APPROX_TOP_K_ESTIMATE | Returns the approximate most frequent values and their estimated frequency for the given Space-Saving state. | Aggregate Functions |

APPROXIMATE_JACCARD_INDEX | Returns an estimation of the similarity (Jaccard index) of inputs based on their MinHash states. | Aggregate Functions |

APPROXIMATE_SIMILARITY | Returns an estimation of the similarity (Jaccard index) of inputs based on their MinHash states. | Aggregate Functions |

ARRAY_AGG | Returns the input values, pivoted into an ARRAY. | Aggregate Functions , Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_APPEND | Returns an array containing all elements from the source array as well as the new element. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_CAT | Returns a concatenation of two arrays. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_COMPACT | Returns a compacted array with missing and null values removed, effectively converting sparse arrays into dense arrays. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_CONSTRUCT | Returns an array constructed from zero, one, or more inputs. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_CONSTRUCT_COMPACT | Returns an array constructed from zero, one, or more inputs; the constructed array will omit any NULL input values. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_CONTAINS | Returns `True` if the specified variant is found in the specified array. |
Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_INSERT | Returns an array containing all elements from the source array as well as the new element. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_POSITION | Returns the first occurring index of an element in an array. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_PREPEND | Returns an array containing the new element as well as all elements from the source array. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_SIZE | Returns the size of the input array. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_SLICE | Returns an array constructed from a specified subset of elements of the input array. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAY_TO_STRING | Returns an input array converted to a string by casting all values to strings (using TO_VARCHAR) and concatenating them (using the string from the second argument to separate the elements). | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ARRAYS_OVERLAP | Compares whether two arrays have at least one element in common. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_<object_type> | This family of functions can be used to perform strict casting of VARIANT values to other data types. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_ARRAY | Casts a VARIANT value to an array. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_BINARY | Casts a VARIANT value to a binary string. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_BOOLEAN | Casts a VARIANT value to a BOOLEAN value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_CHAR , AS_VARCHAR | Casts a VARIANT value to a string. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_DATE | Casts a VARIANT value to a date. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_DECIMAL , AS_NUMBER | Casts a VARIANT value to a fixed-point decimal (does not match floating-point values), with optional precision and scale. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_DOUBLE , AS_REAL | Casts a VARIANT value to a floating-point value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_INTEGER | Casts a VARIANT value to an integer. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_OBJECT | Casts a VARIANT value to an object. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_TIME | Casts a VARIANT value to a time value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

AS_TIMESTAMP_* | Casts a VARIANT value to the respective TIMESTAMP value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

ASCII | Returns the ASCII code for the first character of a string. | String & Binary Functions |

ASIN | Computes the inverse sine (arc sine) of its argument; the result is a number in the interval `[-pi, pi]` . |
Numeric Functions |

ASINH | Computes the inverse (arc) hyperbolic sine of its argument. | Numeric Functions |

ATAN | Computes the inverse tangent (arc tangent) of its argument; the result is a number in the interval `[-pi, pi]` . |
Numeric Functions |

ATAN2 | Computes the inverse tangent (arc tangent) of the ratio of its two arguments (i.e. `ATAN2(x,y) = ATAN(x/y)` ). |
Numeric Functions |

ATANH | Computes the inverse (arc) hyperbolic tangent of its argument. | Numeric Functions |

AUTOMATIC_CLUSTERING_HISTORY | This table function is used for querying the Automatic Clustering history for given tables within a specified date range. | Information Schema , Table Functions |

AVG | Returns the average of non-NULL records. | Aggregate Functions |

BASE64_DECODE_BINARY | Decodes a Base64-encoded string to a binary. | String & Binary Functions |

BASE64_DECODE_STRING | Decodes a Base64-encoded string to a string. | String & Binary Functions |

BASE64_ENCODE | Encodes the input (string or binary) using Base64 encoding. | String & Binary Functions |

[ NOT ] BETWEEN | Returns `TRUE` when the input expression (numeric or string) is within the specified lower and upper boundary. |
Conditional Expression Functions |

BIT_LENGTH | Returns the length of a string or binary value in bits. | String & Binary Functions |

BITAND | Returns the bitwise AND of two numeric expressions. | Bitwise Expression Functions |

BITAND_AGG | Returns the bitwise AND value of all non-NULL numeric records in a group. | Aggregate Functions , Bitwise Expression Functions |

BITNOT | Returns the bitwise negation of a numeric expression. | Bitwise Expression Functions |

BITOR | Returns the bitwise OR of two numeric expressions. | Bitwise Expression Functions |

BITOR_AGG | Returns the bitwise OR value of all non-NULL numeric records in a group. | Aggregate Functions , Bitwise Expression Functions |

BITSHIFTLEFT | Shifts the bits for a numeric expression positions to the left. |
Bitwise Expression Functions |

BITSHIFTRIGHT | Shifts the bits for a numeric expression positions to the right. |
Bitwise Expression Functions |

BITXOR | Returns the bitwise XOR of two numeric expressions. | Bitwise Expression Functions |

BITXOR_AGG | Returns the bitwise XOR value of all non-NULL numeric records in a group. | Aggregate Functions , Bitwise Expression Functions |

BOOLAND | Computes the Boolean AND of two numeric expressions. | Conditional Expression Functions |

BOOLNOT | Computes the Boolean NOT of a single numeric expression. | Conditional Expression Functions |

BOOLOR | Computes the Boolean OR of two numeric expressions. | Conditional Expression Functions |

BOOLXOR | Computes the Boolean XOR of two numeric expressions (i.e. one of the expressions, but not both expressions, is TRUE). | Conditional Expression Functions |

CASE | Works like a cascading “if-then-else” statement. | Conditional Expression Functions |

CAST , :: | Converts a value of one data type into another data type. | Conversion Functions |

CBRT | Returns the cubic root of a numeric expression. | Numeric Functions |

CEIL | Returns values from rounded to the nearest equal or larger integer. |
Numeric Functions |

CHARINDEX | Searches for the first occurrence of the first argument in the second argument and, if successful, returns the position (1-based) of the first argument in the second argument. | String & Binary Functions |

CHECK_JSON | Checks the validity of a JSON document. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

CHECK_XML | Checks the validity of an XML document. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

CHR , CHAR | Converts a Unicode code point (including 7-bit ASCII) into the character that matches the input Unicode. | String & Binary Functions |

COALESCE | Returns the first non-NULL expression among its arguments, or NULL if all its arguments are NULL. | Conditional Expression Functions |

CONCAT , || | Concatenates two strings or two binary values. | String & Binary Functions |

CONTAINS | Returns true if contains . |
String & Binary Functions |

CONVERT_TIMEZONE | Converts a timestamp to another time zone. | Date & Time Functions |

COPY_HISTORY | This table function can be used to query Snowflake data loading history along various dimensions. | Information Schema , Table Functions |

CORR | Returns the correlation coefficient for non-null pairs in a group. | Aggregate Functions |

COS | Computes the cosine of its argument; the argument should be expressed in radians. | Numeric Functions |

COSH | Computes the hyperbolic cosine of its argument. | Numeric Functions |

COT | Computes the cotangent of its argument; the argument should be expressed in radians. | Numeric Functions |

COUNT | Returns either the number of non-NULL records for or a total number of records. |
Aggregate Functions , Window Functions |

COVAR_POP | Returns the population covariance for non-null pairs in a group. | Aggregate Functions |

COVAR_SAMP | Returns the sample covariance for non-null pairs in a group. | Aggregate Functions |

CUME_DIST | Finds the cumulative distribution of a value with regard to other values within the same window partition. | Window Functions |

CURRENT_CLIENT | Returns the version of the client from which the function was called. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_DATABASE | Returns the name of the database in use for the current session. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_DATE | Returns the current date of the system. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_ROLE | Returns the name of the role in use for the current session. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_SCHEMA | Returns the name of the schema in use by the current session. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_SCHEMAS | Returns active search path schemas. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_SESSION | Returns a unique system identifier for the Snowflake session corresponding to the present connection. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_STATEMENT | Returns the SQL text of the statement that is currently executing. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_TIME | Returns the current time for the system. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_TIMESTAMP | Returns the current timestamp for the system. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_TRANSACTION | Returns the transaction id of an open transaction in the current session. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_USER | Returns the name of the user currently logged into the system. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_VERSION | Returns the current Snowflake version. | Context Functions |

CURRENT_WAREHOUSE | Returns the name of the warehouse in use for the current session. | Context Functions |

DATA_TRANSFER_HISTORY | This table function can be used to query the history of data transferred from Snowflake tables into a different cloud storage provider’s network (i.e. from Snowflake on AWS or Microsoft Azure into the other cloud provider’s network) and/or geographical region within a specified date range. | Information Schema , Table Functions |

DATABASE_STORAGE_USAGE_HISTORY | This table function can be used to query the average daily storage usage, in bytes, for a single database (or all the databases in your account) within a specified date range. | Information Schema , Table Functions |

DATE_FROM_PARTS | Creates a date from individual numeric components. | Date & Time Functions |

DATE_PART | Extracts the specified date or time part from a date, time, or timestamp. | Date & Time Functions |

DATE_TRUNC | Truncates a date, time, or timestamp to the specified part. | Date & Time Functions |

DATEADD | Adds the specified value for the specified date or time part to a date, time, or timestamp. | Date & Time Functions |

DATEDIFF | Calculates the difference between two date, time, or timestamp expressions based on the date or time part requested. | Date & Time Functions |

DAYNAME | Extracts the three-letter day-of-week name from the specified date or timestamp. | Date & Time Functions |

DECODE | Compares the select expression to each search expression in order. | Conditional Expression Functions |

DEGREES | Converts radians to degrees. | Numeric Functions |

DENSE_RANK | Returns the rank of a value within a group of values, without gaps in the ranks. | Window Functions |

EDITDISTANCE | Computes the Levenshtein distance between two input strings. | String & Binary Functions |

ENDSWITH | Returns TRUE if the first expression ends with second expression. | String & Binary Functions |

EQUAL_NULL | Compares whether two expressions are equal. | Conditional Expression Functions |

EXP | Computes Euler’s number raised to a floating-point value. |
Numeric Functions |

EXTRACT | Extracts the specified date or time part from a date, time, or timestamp. | Date & Time Functions |

FACTORIAL | Computes the factorial of its input. | Numeric Functions |

FIRST_VALUE | Returns the first value within an ordered group of values. | Window Functions |

FLATTEN | Flattens (explodes) compound values into multiple rows. | Table Functions , Semi-structured Data Functions |

FLOOR | Returns values from rounded to the nearest equal or smaller integer. |
Numeric Functions |

GENERATOR | Creates rows of data based either on a specified number of rows, a specified generation period (in seconds), or both. | Table Functions |

GET | Extracts a value from an object or array; returns NULL if either of the arguments is NULL. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

GET_DDL | Returns a DDL statement that can be used to recreate the specified object. | Miscellaneous Functions |

GET_PATH , : | Extracts a value from semi-structured data using a path name. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

GREATEST | Returns the largest value from a list of expressions. | Conditional Expression Functions |

GROUPING | Describes which of a list of expressions are grouped in a row produced by a GROUP BY query. | Aggregate Functions |

GROUPING_ID | Describes which of a list of expressions are grouped in a row produced by a GROUP BY query. | Aggregate Functions |

HASH | Returns a signed 64-bit hash value. | Miscellaneous Functions |

HASH_AGG | Returns an aggregate signed 64-bit hash value over the (unordered) set of input rows. | Aggregate Functions , Miscellaneous Functions |

HAVERSINE | Calculates the great circle distance in kilometers between two points on the Earth’s surface, using the Haversine formula. | Numeric Functions |

HEX_DECODE_BINARY | Decodes a hex-encoded string to a binary. | String & Binary Functions |

HEX_DECODE_STRING | Decodes a hex-encoded string to a string. | String & Binary Functions |

HEX_ENCODE | Encodes the input using hexadecimal (also ‘hex’ or ‘base16’) encoding. | String & Binary Functions |

HLL | Uses HyperLogLog to return an approximation of the distinct cardinality of the input (i.e. `HLL(col1, col2, ... )` returns an approximation of `COUNT(DISTINCT col1, col2, ... )` ). |
Aggregate Functions |

HLL_ACCUMULATE | Returns the HyperLogLog state at the end of aggregation. | Aggregate Functions |

HLL_COMBINE | Combines (merges) input states into a single output state. | Aggregate Functions |

HLL_ESTIMATE | Returns the cardinality estimate for the given HyperLogLog state. | Aggregate Functions |

HLL_EXPORT | Converts input in BINARY format to OBJECT format. | Aggregate Functions |

HLL_IMPORT | Converts input in OBJECT format to BINARY format. | Aggregate Functions |

HOUR / MINUTE / SECOND | Extracts the corresponding time part from a time or timestamp value. | Date & Time Functions |

IFF | Single-level `if-then-else` expression. |
Conditional Expression Functions |

IFNULL | If is NULL, returns , otherwise returns . |
Conditional Expression Functions |

ILIKE | Allows matching of strings based on comparison with a pattern. | String & Binary Functions |

[ NOT ] IN | Tests whether its argument is or is not one of the members of an explicit list or the result of a subquery. | Conditional Expression Functions |

INITCAP | Returns the input string ( ) with the first letter of each word in uppercase and the subsequent letters in lowercase. |
String & Binary Functions |

INSERT | Replaces a substring at the specified position and length with a new string or binary value. | String & Binary Functions |

IS [ NOT ] DISTINCT FROM | Compares whether two expressions are equal (or not equal). | Conditional Expression Functions |

IS [ NOT ] NULL | Determines whether an expression is NULL or is not NULL. | Conditional Expression Functions |

IS_<object_type> | This family of functions serves as Boolean predicates that can be used to determine the data type of a value stored in a VARIANT column. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_ARRAY | Returns TRUE if its VARIANT argument contains an ARRAY value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_BINARY | Returns TRUE if its VARIANT argument contains a binary string. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_BOOLEAN | Returns TRUE if its VARIANT argument contains a Boolean value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_CHAR , IS_VARCHAR | Returns TRUE if its VARIANT argument contains a string value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_DATE , IS_DATE_VALUE | Verifies whether a VARIANT value contains a DATE value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_DECIMAL | Returns TRUE if its VARIANT argument contains a fixed-point decimal value or integer. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_DOUBLE , IS_REAL | Returns TRUE if its VARIANT argument contains a floating-point value, fixed-point decimal, or integer. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_INTEGER | Returns TRUE if its VARIANT argument contains an integer value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_NULL_VALUE | Returns true if its VARIANT argument is a JSON null value. | Conditional Expression Functions , Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_OBJECT | Returns TRUE if its VARIANT argument contains an OBJECT value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_TIME | Verifies whether a VARIANT value contains a TIME value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

IS_TIMESTAMP_* | Verifies whether a VARIANT value contains the respective TIMESTAMP value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

LAG | Accesses data in a previous row in the same result set without having to join the table to itself. | Window Functions |

LAST_DAY | Returns the last day of the specified date part for a date or timestamp. | Date & Time Functions |

LAST_QUERY_ID | Returns the ID of a specified query in the current session. | Context Functions |

LAST_TRANSACTION | Returns the transaction ID of the last transaction that was either committed or rolled back in the current session. | Context Functions |

LAST_VALUE | Returns the last value within an ordered group of values. | Window Functions |

LEAD | Accesses data in a subsequent row in the same result set without having to join the table to itself. | Window Functions |

LEAST | Returns the smallest value from a list of expressions. | Conditional Expression Functions |

LEFT | Returns a leftmost substring of its input. | String & Binary Functions |

LENGTH | Returns the length of a input string or binary value. | String & Binary Functions |

LIKE | Allows case-sensitive matching of strings based on comparison with a pattern. | String & Binary Functions |

LISTAGG | Returns the concatenated input values, separated by the string. |
Aggregate Functions |

LN | Returns the natural logarithm of a numeric expression. | Numeric Functions |

LOCALTIME | Returns the current time for the system. | Context Functions |

LOCALTIMESTAMP | Returns the current timestamp for the system. | Context Functions |

LOG | Returns the logarithm base ( ) of a numeric expression ( ). |
Numeric Functions |

LOGIN_HISTORY , LOGIN_HISTORY_BY_USER | The LOGIN_HISTORY family of table functions can be used to query login attempts by Snowflake users along various dimensions. | Information Schema , Table Functions |

LOWER | Returns the input string ( ) with all characters converted to lowercase. |
String & Binary Functions |

LPAD | Left-pads a string with characters from another string, or left-pads a binary value with bytes from another binary value. | String & Binary Functions |

LTRIM | Removes leading characters, including whitespace, from a string. | String & Binary Functions |

MATERIALIZED VIEW REFRESH HISTORY | This table function is used for querying the materialized views refresh history for a specified materialized view within a specified date range. | Information Schema , Table Functions |

MD5 , MD5_HEX | Returns a 32-character hex-encoded string containing the 128-bit MD5 message digest. | String & Binary Functions |

MD5_BINARY | Returns a 16-byte binary containing the 128-bit MD5 message digest. | String & Binary Functions |

MD5_NUMBER | Returns the 128-bit MD5 message digest interpreted as a signed 128-bit big endian number. | String & Binary Functions |

MEDIAN | Determines the median of a set of values. | Aggregate Functions |

MIN / MAX | Returns the minimum or maximum value for the records within . |
Aggregate Functions , Window Functions |

MINHASH | Returns a MinHash state containing an array of size constructed by applying number of different hash functions to the input rows and keeping the minimum of each hash function. |
Aggregate Functions |

MINHASH_COMBINE | Combines input MinHash states into a single MinHash output state. | Aggregate Functions |

MOD | Returns the remainder of input divided by input . |
Numeric Functions |

MONTHNAME | Extracts the three-letter month name from the specified date or timestamp. | Date & Time Functions |

NEXT_DAY | Returns the date of the first specified DOW (day of week) that occurs after the input date. | Date & Time Functions |

NORMAL | Returns a normal-distributed floating point number, with specified and standard deviation. |
Miscellaneous Functions |

NTH_VALUE | Returns the nth value (up to 1000) within an ordered group of values. | Window Functions |

NTILE | Divides an ordered data set equally into the number of buckets specified by . |
Window Functions |

NULLIF | Returns NULL if is equal to , otherwise returns . |
Conditional Expression Functions |

NVL | If is NULL, returns , otherwise returns . |
Conditional Expression Functions |

NVL2 | Returns values depending on the nullness of the first argument. | Conditional Expression Functions |

OBJECT_AGG | Returns one OBJECT per group. | Aggregate Functions , Semi-structured Data Functions |

OBJECT_CONSTRUCT | Returns an object constructed from the arguments. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

OBJECT_DELETE | Returns an object containing the contents of the input (i.e.source) object with one or more keys removed. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

OBJECT_INSERT | Returns an object consisting of the input object with a new key-value pair inserted (or an existing key updated with a new value). | Semi-structured Data Functions |

OCTET_LENGTH | Returns the length of a string or binary value in bytes. | String & Binary Functions |

PARSE_IP | Returns a JSON object consisting of all the components from a valid INET (Internet Protocol) or CIDR (Classless Internet Domain Routing) IPv4 or IPv6 string. | String & Binary Functions |

PARSE_JSON | Interprets an input string as a JSON document, producing a VARIANT value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

PARSE_URL | Returns a JSON object consisting of all the components (fragment, host, path, port, query, scheme) in a valid input URL/URI. | String & Binary Functions |

PARSE_XML | Interprets an input string as an XML document, producing an OBJECT value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

PERCENT_RANK | Returns the relative rank of a value within a group of values. | Window Functions |

PERCENTILE_CONT | Return a percentile value based on a continuous distribution of the input column (specified in ). |
Aggregate Functions |

PERCENTILE_DISC | Returns a percentile value based on a discrete distribution of the input column (specified in ). |
Aggregate Functions |

PI | Returns the value of pi as a floating-point value. | Numeric Functions |

PIPE_USAGE_HISTORY | This table function can be used to query the history of data loaded into Snowflake tables using Snowpipe within a specified date range. | Information Schema , Table Functions |

POSITION | Searches for an occurrence of the first argument in the second argument and, if successful, returns the position (1-based) of the first argument in the second argument. | String & Binary Functions |

POW, POWER | Returns a number (x) raised to the specified power (y). | Numeric Functions |

PREVIOUS_DAY | Returns the date of the first specified DOW (day of week) that occurs before the input date. | Date & Time Functions |

QUERY_HISTORY , QUERY_HISTORY_BY_* | The QUERY_HISTORY family of table functions can be used to query Snowflake query history along various dimensions. | Information Schema , Table Functions |

RADIANS | Converts degrees to radians. | Numeric Functions |

RANDOM | Each call returns a pseudo-random 64-bit integer. | Miscellaneous Functions |

RANDSTR | Returns a random string of specified . |
Miscellaneous Functions |

RANK | Returns the rank of a value within an ordered group of values. | Window Functions |

REGEXP | Returns true if the subject matches the specified pattern. | String Functions (Regular Expressions) |

REGEXP_COUNT | Returns the number of times that a pattern occurs in a string. | String Functions (Regular Expressions) |

REGEXP_INSTR | Returns the position of the specified occurrence of the regular expression pattern in the string subject. | String Functions (Regular Expressions) |

REGEXP_LIKE | Returns true if the subject matches the pattern. | String Functions (Regular Expressions) |

REGEXP_REPLACE | Returns the subject with the specified pattern (or all occurrences of the pattern) either removed or replaced by a replacement string. | String Functions (Regular Expressions) |

REGEXP_SUBSTR | Returns the substring that matches a regular expression within a string. | String Functions (Regular Expressions) |

REGR_AVGX | Returns the average of the independent variable for non-null pairs in a group, where `x` is the independent variable and `y` is the dependent variable. |
Aggregate Functions |

REGR_AVGY | Returns the average of the dependent variable for non-null pairs in a group, where `x` is the independent variable and `y` is the dependent variable. |
Aggregate Functions |

REGR_COUNT | Returns the number of non-null number pairs in a group. | Aggregate Functions |

REGR_INTERCEPT | Returns the intercept of the univariate linear regression line for non-null pairs in a group. | Aggregate Functions |

REGR_R2 | Returns the coefficient of determination for non-null pairs in a group. | Aggregate Functions |

REGR_SLOPE | Returns the slope of the linear regression line for non-null pairs in a group. | Aggregate Functions |

REGR_SXX | Returns REGR_COUNT(y, x) * VAR_POP(x) for non-null pairs. | Aggregate Functions |

REGR_SXY | Returns REGR_COUNT(expr1, expr2) * COVAR_POP(expr1, expr2) for non-null pairs. | Aggregate Functions |

REGR_SYY | Returns REGR_COUNT(y, x) * VAR_POP(y) for non-null pairs. | Aggregate Functions |

REGR_VALX | Returns its first argument, but only if the second argument is not NULL; otherwise returns NULL. | Conditional Expression Functions |

REGR_VALY | Returns its second argument, but only if the first argument is not NULL; otherwise returns NULL. | Conditional Expression Functions |

REPEAT | Builds a string by repeating the input for the specified number of times. | String & Binary Functions |

REPLACE | Removes all occurrences of a specified substring, and optionally replaces them with another string. | String & Binary Functions |

RESULT_SCAN | Returns the result set of a previous command (within 24 hours of when you executed the query) as if the result was a table. | Table Functions |

REVERSE | Reverses the order of characters in a string, or of bytes in a binary value. | String & Binary Functions |

RIGHT | Returns a rightmost substring of its input. | String & Binary Functions |

RLIKE | Returns true if the subject matches the specified pattern. | String Functions (Regular Expressions) |

ROUND | Returns rounded values for . |
Numeric Functions |

ROW_NUMBER | Returns a unique row number for each row within a window partition. | Window Functions |

RPAD | Right-pads a string or binary value with characters from another string. | String & Binary Functions |

RTRIM | Removes trailing characters, including whitespace, from a string. | String & Binary Functions |

RTRIMMED_LENGTH | Returns the length of its argument, minus trailing whitespace, but including leading whitespace. | String & Binary Functions |

SEQ1 / SEQ2 / SEQ4 / SEQ8 | Returns a sequence of monotonically increasing integers, with wrap-around. | Miscellaneous Functions |

SHA1 , SHA1_HEX | Returns a 40-character hex-encoded string containing the 160-bit SHA-1 message digest. | String & Binary Functions |

SHA1_BINARY | Returns a 20-byte binary containing the 160-bit SHA-1 message digest. | String & Binary Functions |

SHA2 , SHA2_HEX | Returns a hex-encoded string containing the N-bit SHA-2 message digest, where N is the specified output digest size. | String & Binary Functions |

SHA2_BINARY | Returns a binary containing the N-bit SHA-2 message digest, where N is the specified output digest size. | String & Binary Functions |

SIGN | Returns the sign of its argument. | Numeric Functions |

SIN | Computes the sine of its argument; the argument should be expressed in radians. | Numeric Functions |

SINH | Computes the hyperbolic sine of its argument. | Numeric Functions |

SPACE | Builds a string consisting of the specified number of blank spaces. | String & Binary Functions |

SPLIT | Splits a given string with a given separator and returns the result in an array of strings. | String & Binary Functions |

SPLIT_PART | Splits a given string and returns the requested part. | String & Binary Functions |

SQRT | Returns the square-root of a non-negative numeric expression. | Numeric Functions |

SQUARE | Returns the square of a numeric expression, i.e. a numeric expression multiplied by itself. | Numeric Functions |

STAGE_STORAGE_USAGE_HISTORY | This table function can be used to query the average daily data storage usage, in bytes, for all the Snowflake stages in your account within a specified date range. | Information Schema , Table Functions |

STARTSWITH | Returns true if starts with . |
String & Binary Functions |

STDDEV | Returns the sample standard deviation (square root of sample variance) of non-NULL values. | Aggregate Functions |

STDDEV_POP | Returns the population standard deviation (square root of variance) of non-NULL values. | Aggregate Functions |

STDDEV_SAMP | Returns the sample standard deviation (square root of sample variance) of non-NULL values. | Aggregate Functions |

STRIP_NULL_VALUE | Converts a JSON “null” value to a SQL NULL value. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

SUBSTR , SUBSTRING | Returns the portion of the string or binary value from , starting from the character/byte specified by , with optionally limited length. |
String & Binary Functions |

SUM | Returns the sum of non-NULL records for . |
Aggregate Functions , Window Functions |

SYSTEM$ABORT_SESSION | Aborts the specified session. | Miscellaneous Functions |

SYSTEM$ABORT_TRANSACTION | Aborts the specified transaction, if it is running. | Miscellaneous Functions |

SYSTEM$CANCEL_ALL_QUERIES | Cancels all active/running queries in the specified session. | Miscellaneous Functions |

SYSTEM$CANCEL_QUERY | Cancels the specified query (or statement) if it is currently active/running. | Miscellaneous Functions |

SYSTEM$CLUSTERING_DEPTH | Computes the average depth of the table according to the specified columns (or clustering keys defined for the table). | Miscellaneous Functions |

SYSTEM$CLUSTERING_INFORMATION | Returns clustering information for a table based on one or more columns in the table. | Miscellaneous Functions |

SYSTEM$CLUSTERING_RATIO | Calculates the clustering ratio for a table, based on one or more columns in the table. | Miscellaneous Functions |

SYSTEM$LAST_CHANGE_COMMIT_TIME | Returns the commit time of the last DML change performed on a table or a view. | Miscellaneous Functions |

SYSTEM$PIPE_FORCE_RESUME | Forces a pipe paused using ALTER PIPE to resume. | Miscellaneous Functions |

SYSTEM$PIPE_STATUS | Retrieves a JSON representation of the current status of a pipe. | Miscellaneous Functions |

SYSTEM$TYPEOF | Returns a string representing the SQL data type associated with an expression. | Miscellaneous Functions |

SYSTEM$WAIT | Waits for a specified amount of time before proceeding. | Miscellaneous Functions |

TAN | Computes the tangent of its argument; the argument should be expressed in radians. | Numeric Functions |

TANH | Computes the hyperbolic tangent of its argument. | Numeric Functions |

TIME_FROM_PARTS | Creates a time from individual numeric components. | Date & Time Functions |

TIMEADD | Adds the specified date or time part to a date, time, or timestamp. | Date & Time Functions |

TIMEDIFF | Calculates the difference between two date, time, or timestamp expressions based on the specified date or time part. | Date & Time Functions |

TIMESTAMP_FROM_PARTS | Creates a timestamp from individual numeric components. | Date & Time Functions |

TIMESTAMPADD | Adds the specified date or time part to a date, time, or timestamp. | Date & Time Functions |

TIMESTAMPDIFF | Calculates the difference between two date, time, or timestamp expressions based on the specified date or time part. | Date & Time Functions |

TO_ARRAY | Converts the input expression into an array. | Conversion Functions , Semi-structured Data Functions |

TO_BINARY | Converts the input expression to a binary value. | Conversion Functions |

TO_BOOLEAN | Coverts the input text or numeric expression to a Boolean value. | Conversion Functions |

TO_CHAR , TO_VARCHAR | Converts the input expression to a string. | Conversion Functions |

TO_DATE | Converts an input expression to a date. | Conversion Functions , Date & Time Functions |

TO_DECIMAL , TO_NUMBER , TO_NUMERIC | Converts an input expression to a fixed-point number. | Conversion Functions |

TO_DOUBLE | Converts an expression to a double-precision floating-point number. | Conversion Functions |

TO_JSON | Converts any VARIANT value to a string containing the JSON representation of the value. | Conversion Functions , Semi-structured Data Functions |

TO_OBJECT | Converts the input value to an object. | Conversion Functions , Semi-structured Data Functions |

TO_TIME | Converts an input expression into a time. | Conversion Functions , Date & Time Functions |

TO_TIMESTAMP / TO_TIMESTAMP_* | Converts an input expression into the corresponding timestamp. | Conversion Functions , Date & Time Functions |

TO_VARIANT | Converts any value to VARIANT value or NULL (if input is NULL). | Conversion Functions |

TO_XML | Converts any VARIANT value to a string containing the XML representation of the value. | Conversion Functions , Semi-structured Data Functions |

TRANSLATE | Translates from the characters in to the characters in . |
String & Binary Functions |

TRIM | Removes leading and trailing characters from a string. | String & Binary Functions |

TRUNCATE , TRUNC | Rounds the input expression down to the nearest (or equal) integer towards zero. | Numeric Functions |

TRUNC | Truncates a date, time, or timestamp to the specified part. | Date & Time Functions |

TRY_BASE64_DECODE_BINARY | A special version of BASE64_DECODE_BINARY that returns a NULL value if an error occurs during decoding. | String & Binary Functions |

TRY_BASE64_DECODE_STRING | A special version of BASE64_DECODE_STRING that returns a NULL value if an error occurs during decoding. | String & Binary Functions |

TRY_CAST | A special version of CAST , :: that is available for a subset of data type conversions. | Conversion Functions |

TRY_HEX_DECODE_BINARY | A special version of HEX_DECODE_BINARY that returns a NULL value if an error occurs during decoding. | String & Binary Functions |

TRY_HEX_DECODE_STRING | A special version of HEX_DECODE_STRING that returns a NULL value if an error occurs during decoding. | String & Binary Functions |

TRY_TO_BINARY | A special version of TO_BINARY that performs the same operation (i.e. converts an input expression to a binary value), but with error handling support (i.e. if the conversion cannot be performed, it returns a NULL value instead of raising an error). | Conversion Functions |

TRY_TO_BOOLEAN | A special version of TO_BOOLEAN that performs the same operation (i.e. converts an input expression to a Boolean value), but with error-handling support (i.e. if the conversion cannot be performed, it returns a NULL value instead of raising an error). | Conversion Functions |

TRY_TO_DATE | A special version of TO_DATE that performs the same operation (i.e. converts an input expression to a date), but with error-handling support (i.e. if the conversion cannot be performed, it returns a NULL value instead of raising an error). | Conversion Functions |

TRY_TO_DECIMAL, TRY_TO_NUMBER, TRY_TO_NUMERIC | A special version of TO_DECIMAL , TO_NUMBER , TO_NUMERIC that performs the same operation (i.e. converts an input expression to a fixed-point number), but with error-handling support (i.e if the conversion cannot be performed, it returns a NULL value instead of raising an error). | Conversion Functions |

TRY_TO_DOUBLE | A special version of TO_DOUBLE that performs the same operation (i.e. converts an input expression to a double-precision floating-point number), but with error-handling support (i.e. if the conversion cannot be performed, it returns a NULL value instead of raising an error). | Conversion Functions |

TRY_TO_TIME | A special version of TO_TIME that performs the same operation (i.e. converts an input expression into a time), but with error-handling support (i.e. if the conversion cannot be performed, it returns a NULL value instead of raising an error). | Conversion Functions |

TRY_TO_TIMESTAMP / TRY_TO_TIMESTAMP_* | A special version of TO_TIMESTAMP / TO_TIMESTAMP_* that performs the same operation (i.e. converts an input expression into a timestamp), but with error-handling support (i.e. if the conversion cannot be performed, it returns a NULL value instead of raising an error). | Conversion Functions |

TYPEOF | Reports the type of a value stored in a VARIANT column. | Semi-structured Data Functions |

UNICODE | Returns the Unicode code point for the first Unicode character in a string. | String & Binary Functions |

UNIFORM | Returns a uniformly random number, in the inclusive range [ , ]. |
Miscellaneous Functions |

UPPER | Returns the input string with all characters converted to uppercase. |
String & Binary Functions |

UUID_STRING | Generates either a version 4 (random) or version 5 (named) RFC 4122-compliant UUID as a formatted string. | String & Binary Functions , Miscellaneous Functions |

VALIDATE | Validates the files loaded in a past execution of the COPY INTO <table> command and returns all the errors encountered during the load, rather than just the first error. | Table Functions |

VAR_POP | Returns the population variance of non-NULL records in a group. | Aggregate Functions |

VAR_SAMP | Returns the sample variance of non-NULL records in a group. | Aggregate Functions |

VARIANCE , VARIANCE_SAMP | Returns the sample variance of non-NULL records in a group. | Aggregate Functions |

VARIANCE_POP | Returns the population variance of non-NULL records in a group. | Aggregate Functions |

WAREHOUSE_LOAD_HISTORY | This table function can be used to query the activity history (defined as the “query load”) for a single warehouse within a specified date range. | Information Schema , Table Functions |

WAREHOUSE_METERING_HISTORY | This table function can be used in queries to return the hourly credit usage for a single warehouse (or all the warehouses in your account) within a specified date range. | Information Schema , Table Functions |

WIDTH_BUCKET | Constructs equi-width histograms, in which the histogram range is divided into intervals of identical size, and returns the bucket number into which the value of an expression falls, after it has been evaluated. | Window Functions |

XMLGET | Extracts an XML element object (often referred to as simply a “tag”) from a content of outer XML element object by the name of the tag and its instance number (counting from 0). | Semi-structured Data Functions |

YEAR* / DAY* / WEEK* / MONTH / QUARTER | Extracts the corresponding date part from a date or timestamp. | Date & Time Functions |

ZEROIFNULL | Returns 0 if its argument is null; otherwise, returns its argument. | Conditional Expression Functions |

ZIPF | Returns a Zipf-distributed integer, for elements and characteristic exponent . |
Miscellaneous Functions |